Timeline

7th Century AD – Arab invasion; Idris founds the first major Muslim dynasty.

1860 – Dispute over Spain’s Ceuta enclave; Spain declares war and wins.

1904 – France and Spain carve out zones of influence.

Division of Morocco by Spain and France 1912-1956

1906 – Algeciras Conference in Spain; France and Spain get the go-ahead to police Moroccan ports and collect customs fees.

1912 – Morocco becomes a French protectorate under the Treaty of Fez, administered by a French Resident-General.  The sultan has a largely figurehead role.

1943 – Istiqlal, Party of Independence, is founded to press for independence.

1956 March – End of French protectorate after unrest and strong nationalist sentiment. Spain keeps its two coastal enclaves. Sultan Mohammed becomes king in 1957.

1961 – Death of King Mohammed; King Hassan II comes to power.

King Hassan 1961-1999

1963 – First general elections.

1965 – Social unrest: King Hassan declares a state of emergency and suspends parliament.

1971 – Failed attempt to depose king and establish republic.

1973 – Polisario movement formed, aims to establish an independent state in Spanish Sahara, a territory south of Morocco controlled by Spain. The group has Algerian support.

1975 6 November – The Green March: King Hassan orders 350,000 civilian volunteers to cross into Spanish Sahara.

1975 December – Spain agrees to leave Spanish Sahara, soon to become Western Sahara, and to transfer it to joint Moroccan-Mauritanian control. Algeria objects and threatens military intervention. Moroccan forces enter and occupy the territory.

1976 – Moroccan and Algerian troops clash in Western Sahara. Algeria announces the formation of the Saharawi Arab Democratic Republic (SADR) with a government-in-exile. Morocco and Mauritania divide-up Western Sahara.

1976-present Fighting between Moroccan military and Polisario forces; the war is a considerable financial drain on Morocco.

1983 – Summit between King Hassan and Algerian president prompts thaw in relations.

1983 – King cancels planned elections amid political unrest and economic crisis.

1991 – UN-monitored ceasefire begins in Western Sahara, but the territory’s status remains undecided and ceasefire violations are reported.

Disputed Region of the Western Sahara

1998 – Morocco’s first opposition-led government comes to power.

1999 – King Hassan II is succeeded by his son, Mohammed VI.

2001 November – King Mohammed starts a controversial tour of Western Sahara, the first by a Moroccan monarch for a decade.

2002 July – Morocco and Spain agree to US-brokered resolution over the disputed island of Perejil.

2003 May – More than 40 killed when suicide bombers attack several sites in Casablanca, including a Spanish restaurant and Jewish community center.

The terrace of the busy Spanish Restaurant destroyed in the 2003 bombings in Casablanca

The terrace of the busy Spanish restaurant destroyed in the 2003 bombings in Casablanca

2004 July – Free trade agreement with the US comes into effect. It follows Washington’s designation of Morocco as a major non-Nato ally.

2005 December – Truth commission investigating human rights abuses during the rule of King Hassan II says 592 people were killed between 1956-99.

2006 January – Spanish Premier Jose Luis Rodriguez Zapatero visits the the Spanish enclaves of Melilla and Ceuta. He’s the first Spanish leader in 25 years to make an official visit to the territories.

2007 April – Three suspected suicide bombers blow themselves up in Casablanca, a few weeks after a suicide blast in an internet cafe weeks earlier.

2007 June – Morocco and the Polisario Front hold UN-sponsored talks in New York but fail to come to any agreement.

2007 September – Parliamentary elections. The conservative Istiqlal party, a member of the ruling coalition, wins the most votes.

2008 August – Morocco arrests 15 people who made up alleged al-Qaeda-affiliated “Fath al-Andalous” group.

2008 September – US Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice visits as part of North African tour. Discusses anti-terrorism measures, political reform and the Western Sahara.

2008 December – Two Moroccan men, Abdelilah Ahriz and Hicham Ahmidan, sentenced to 20 and 10 years in jail respectively in Morocco over Madrid train bombings of 2004.

2009 March – Morocco breaks off relations with Iran after Iranian politician said Bahrain used to be Iranian province.

2010 November – Security forces storm a protest camp in disputed territory of Western Sahara, triggering violent demonstrations in regional capital Elayoun.

Sources: http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-africa-14123260

http://www.amazigh.nl/awar/index.php?topic=12762.0http://www.amazigh.nl/awar/index.php?topic=12762.0

http://www.ispub.com/journal/the-internet-journal-of-ophthalmology-and-visual-science/volume-8-number-2/causes-of-blindness-and-visual-impairment-in-rural-western-sahara-outcome-of-eye-camps.html

http://www.reuters.com/article/2007/04/12/us-morocco-blast-idUSL1243961420070412

http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/apr/28/marrakech-tourist-cafe-terrorist-attack

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